Epiphany

/Tag: Epiphany

What Does “Messiah” Mean?

Jesus Was Chosen as Our Substitute

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Luke 3:15–17, 21-22 (CSB)

15 Now the people were waiting expectantly, and all of them were questioning in their hearts whether John might be the Messiah. 16 John answered them all, “I baptize you with water, but one who is more powerful than I am is coming. I am not worthy to untie the strap of his sandals. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire. 17 His winnowing shovel is in his hand to clear his threshing floor and gather the wheat into his barn, but the chaff he will burn with fire that never goes out.”

21 When all the people were baptized, Jesus also was baptized. As he was praying, heaven opened, 22 and the Holy Spirit descended on him in a physical appearance like a dove. And a voice came from heaven: “You are my beloved Son; with you I am well-pleased.”

 

Dear fellow redeemed:  How many names do you know for our Savior?  I know people sometimes become confused because we call Him Jesus, Christ, God, Savior, Messiah, Lord, and other names as well.  We use different names to emphasize different aspects of what Jesus has done to save us.

Take “Jesus,” for example.  January 1, eight days after Christmas, is called “The Circumcision and Name Day of Jesus,” because it was on the eighth day that male children were circumcised and also given their names.  He was named Jesus as the angel had commanded Joseph, Matthew 1:21 (CSB) 21 She will give birth to a son, and you are to name him Jesus, because he will save his people from their sins.” The name “Jesus” means “Savior.”

Now, here in our text, we come to know the meaning of the name Christ, “anointed one,” for Here the Lord Jesus was anointed as our replacement, and as the one who would bring forgiveness and salvation to the world.

All that happened here at His baptism.

Here there is a powerful contrast, a powerful juxtaposition: At one and the same time He is anointed as the beloved Son of the Father, and also as one lowly enough to submit to baptism, not as a sinner, but as the One who Isaiah 53:12 (CSB)… was counted among the rebels;       yet he bore the sin of many …

At his Baptism Jesus is clearly MANIFEST as the Messiah,

THE CHRIST, THE ANOINTED ONE

  1. Announced Already in the Old Testament
  2. Accomplished Now in the New Testament
  3. Anointed as Sinners’ Substitute
  4. OUR Messiah
  5. A Blessed Assurance

 

  1. Announced Already in the Old Testament

This title of Christ makes a direct link back to the Old Testament. The word “Christ” is Greek. “Messiah” is Hebrew.  Both words mean “Anointed” or “Chosen”. He is the descendent of Eve that was promised to Eve in the Garden of Eden after our first Parents brought us all under the influence of Sin. Gen 3:15 “And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; he will crush your head, and you will strike his heel.”

Christ Baptized is the same Christ, the same Messiah foretold throughout the history of the promise: to Noah, to Abraham, and, as an example, to Isaiah 42:1 “Here is my servant, whom I uphold, mychosen one in wham I delight; I will put my Spirit on him . . .

The anointing of the Christ (the anointed one, the Messiah) is so central a point of prophecy that it was with that Word that He was known to all who awaited the fulfillment of their hope. He was called the MESSIAH, the anointed one, the chosen one. It was in this way that the disciples spoke of Him, John 1:41 41The first thing Andrew did was to find his brother Simon and tell him, “We have found the Messiah” (that is, the Christ).

     2. Accomplished Now in the New Testament

What was prophesied in the Promises of God, was fulfilled in Christ. It was fulfilled first of all at His conception, as Paul explained to the Galatians (4:4) But when the time had fully come, God sent his Son, born of a woman, born under law, to redeem those under law, that we might receive the full rights of sons.”

He was chosen for this purpose, even then, though the time of His public ministry had not yet come.

It was here, at His Baptism, that the truth was proclaimed, especially for John the Baptist, who also saw it. 21 When all the people were baptized, Jesus also was baptized. As he was praying, heaven opened, 22 and the Holy Spirit descended on him in a physical appearance like a dove. And a voice came from heaven: “You are my beloved Son; with you I am well-pleased.”

Jesus talked about Himself as the Anointed One, using the words of Isaiah 61, Luke 4:18

18“The Spirit of the Lord is on me,
because he has anointed me
to preach good news to the poor.
He has sent me to proclaim freedom for the prisoners
and recovery of sight for the blind,
to release the oppressed,

Peter  put it this way as quoted in Acts 10:38   …God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and power, and how he went around doing good and healing all who were under the power of the devil, because God was with him.

Do you see why all of this is important? While people today might be convinced by other evidence (or today go with their feelings!), truth itself demands that the Messiah, the anointed one, be, well, anointed! So He was, and so it is written.

 

     3.  Anointed as Sinners’ Substitute

What office was He anointed into? Anointing was reserved for kings as well as some priests and prophets.

Here He was anointed with the Holy Spirit and set before all as the Son of God, and the Sinner’s Substitute.

Right from the first, there was no doubt as to who this chosen one was; who He had been from eternity.

No ordinary dove, this dove came from an opened heaven. Because we are spiritually blind, Heaven is ordinarily closed to us. Only occasionally is it opened so that any can see. It was from this unmistakable heaven, not a mere sky, that the dove came.

As Luther remarks, the dove is the sign of peace and reconciliation, which are the work of the Holy Spirit, who brings us to faith and keeps us in the faith.

And there came with the anointment an announcement as to what the anointment was for. As God’s Son Christ is sent out, as no less than God Himself, to do battle with our old adversary the Devil. This is a divine work, and it is the Second person of the Trinity Himself who undertakes this work.

The doctrine of the trinity, and Christ’s position as a person of the Trinity, cannot be more clearly declared.

It was true God who was chosen.  But what was He chosen for? To be our Substitute!  In his Gospel, Matthew records John the Baptist’s attempt to deter Christ, but Christ replied, Matthew 3:15 (CSB) 15 Jesus answered him, “Allow it for now, because this is the way for us to fulfill all righteousness.” Then John allowed him to be baptized.

But even though He kept the law, He came as our substitute sinner as well. As Isaiah 53:12 says, “He was numbered among the transgressors…”

He took the place of us sinners and replaced our sin with His righteousness. Was His goodness sufficient? The Father Himself said so: And a voice came from heaven: “You are my Son, whom I love; with you I am well pleased.

Because we are sinners, this means everything to us.  Day by day we face our sin, as Jesus has called us to do, to pray, “Forgive us our sins.”

This isn’t a trivial command.  This world is a mess because of sin – our sin.  Weeds.  Sickness.  Sorrow.  Loneliness.  Poverty.  Disaster.  Don’t think for a minute that these have nothing to do with you.  They are judgments upon the world for sin, and our sin too.

And of course, our sin brings upon us the curse of death – and after death the judgment.

That is why it is so important that Jesus is …

     4. OUR Messiah

When we speak of the anointing of Christ, we are not speaking of some interesting event in the life of Christ, We are talking about Christ being Chosen for you, and for me.

Christ was Chosen to be obedient for us.

Christ was chosen to be counted as the sinner for us – the one who was blamed, the scapegoat for our sins.

He is OURS because we are joined to him by faith, as the Bible says, “Whosoever believes in Him shall have everlasting life,” and

He is OURS because we are joined to Him in Baptism. for the promise is, Galatians 3:26–27 (CSB) 26 for through faith you are all sons of God in Christ Jesus.

27 For those of you who were baptized into Christ have been clothed with Christ.

He is OURS because we are joined to Him in the Lord’s Supper.  For in the sacrament of the altar we show forth for our own comfort, and before the whole world, the death of our Lord Jesus Christ Who has redeemed the world.

     5. A Blessed Assurance

So what does this anointing of Christ do for us? It gives us the most blessed assurance, that the one who took our place to do battle with sin and death itself was none other than God Himself, who guaranteed victory.

And He not only defeated Satan, but through baptism took our place that we might share in the victory over death and in the certainty of everlasting life.

AMEN.

 

 

By |2019-01-11T19:50:08+00:00January 11th, 2019|Sermons, Uncategorized|0 Comments

Universal Law, Universal Fall, Universal Savior

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The Star Didn’t Just Shine on the Magi

 

Matthew 2:1–12 (CSB)

After Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of King Herod, wise men from the east arrived in Jerusalem, saying, “Where is he who has been born king of the Jews? For we saw his star at its rising and have come to worship him.”

When King Herod heard this, he was deeply disturbed, and all Jerusalem with him. So he assembled all the chief priests and scribes of the people and asked them where the Christ would be born.

“In Bethlehem of Judea,” they told him, “because this is what was written by the prophet:
And you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah,
are by no means least among the rulers of Judah:
Because out of you will come a ruler
who will shepherd my people Israel.,

Then Herod secretly summoned the wise men and asked them the exact time the star appeared. He sent them to Bethlehem and said, “Go and search carefully for the child. When you find him, report back to me so that I too can go and worship him.”,

After hearing the king, they went on their way. And there it was—the star they had seen at its rising. It led them until it came and stopped above the place where the child was. 10 When they saw the star, they were overwhelmed with joy. 11 Entering the house, they saw the child with Mary his mother, and falling to their knees, they worshiped him. Then they opened their treasures and presented him with gifts: gold, frankincense, and myrrh. 12 And being warned in a dream not to go back to Herod, they returned to their own country by another route.

 

Dear fellow redeemed:  You may very well have noticed that a text like today’s is included for a particular reason that guides our approach.  Today is the Festival of the Epiphany of our Lord, the feast commemorating the epiphany or manifestation of Christ to the Gentiles.  It is also called the “Christmas of the Gentiles” and in some parts of Christendom it is the pinnacle of the Christmas cycle.

The meaning of the text is one thing and its significance is another.  The meaning is simple and straightforward.  It is an account of Magi from the east, from Babylonia or Persia, seeing a star appear and concluding that it signified the birth of the great and long-awaited king of the Jews.  They traveled to the Jewish capital, Jerusalem, to do honor to Him and were in turn directed by Scripture and by the star to the place where Jesus was.

Matthew also alludes to the historical situation: Herod the Great has brutally killed supposed rivals, including some from his own family.  His attempt to destroy the Messiah as a possible rival will lead to the “slaughter of the innocents,” the killing of all boys two years and younger in the vicinity of Bethlehem.

That’s the simple meaning.  That’s what happened.  We see what God did in bringing out this star, what believers like the Magi did, and what atrocities the unbelieving Herod committed.

But its significance goes beyond this and is revealed in Isaiah’s prophecy, Isaiah 60:3 (ESV)  And nations shall come to your light, and kings to the brightness of your rising. Jesus isn’t just for the Jews, …

 

THE CHRIST CHILD IS THE LORD AND SAVIOR

OF ALL THE WORLD
I. Revealed So by God
II. Worshiped As Such by the Magi

  1. Revealed So by God

One of the ways that the old Liar separates people from the hope of the gospel is by casting religion as merely a cultural phenomenon.  That’s the unofficial religious position of our culture today.  I violate that concept every time I greet you at the beginning of a sermon, “Dear fellow redeemed,” because I am declaring that whoever you are in the world, whatever your language, race, color, or culture, Christ is your redeemer.

To say otherwise, to say that Christianity is just a cultural phenomenon, is to deny the universality of sin and the universality of our salvation. It reduces them from divine truth to personal opinion. The world (a Scriptural term meaning everything in the world opposed to Christ), the world wants to compartmentalize this universal truth. In Muslim and in communist countries you may believe such things, but not teach them or actually live according to them.

This is an agenda of “progressivism” in our country too, dividing “religious” from “secular.” The social theory is that you get to exercise your religion only in church, but outside in other organizations you can be required to violate God’s word and you have no choice.  Ask Hobby Lobby’s owners who are forced to pay for abortion drugs for their employees, even though they oppose it.

But if that is bad, then what’s worse is the prohibition of the gospel.  If God’s law isn’t universal, then the gospel isn’t either.  But He IS both Lord of all and Savior of ALL.

So you see the significance in the star that is seen by people elsewhere in the world than in Judea and Galilee. Think about that!  You see the significance of the fact that the Magi saw the star and believed the promise it represented. As God told Abraham, in his seed ALL the nations of the earth would be blessed.

Matthew gives us only the broad outlines necessary to grasp this.  He doesn’t tell us much about the wise men, the Magi (cf. “magician) other than that they were from the East.  They were evidently among the great scholars and observers of Persia or Babylon.  The prophet Daniel was probably one of them.  We still have some incredibly accurate star maps from antiquity that shows how great their knowledge of the heavenly bodies really was. Recently scholars uncovered trig tables that were more accurate than ours. These were not superstitious tribesmen but great scholars.

Their celestial and mathematical knowledge was complemented by the knowledge gleaned from the Jews during their exile in Babylon.  They must have been aware of prophecies like that from Numbers 24:17, I see him, but not now; I behold him, but not near: a star shall come out of Jacob, and a scepter shall rise out of Israel.  Evidently Daniel also was even able to ascertain when the Messiah was to appear, so that his colleagues anticipated it.

The bottom line is that God announced to the wider world the birth of His Son so that all of us might hear and know the truth of those words, “God was in Christ, reconciling the world to Himself.”  So God has clearly revealed His son as Savior and Lord of all.

 

2. Worshiped As Such by the Magi

And He was worshipped as Savior and Lord of all by the Magi.  Their faith is shown above all in that they worshipped this little child without hesitation.  They weren’t put off by his poverty, by his social circumstances, or by his infancy.

Doesn’t this teach us something today? How many people judge Christ according to His circumstances? He comes to us in His word and sacrament in places like this, in house churches in China, in ruins in Syria and Iraq. People reject him because there are no trappings of “success,” because of the people He is found with, His pastors, and disciples, the music or worship that, while rich in His word and therefore in Him, isn’t the “right style.”

And then there are the “feelings” and the “experience,” that isn’t exciting, warm & fuzzy, or “inspirational.” Jesus is your savior, whether you feel like it or not, and that’s a good thing.

Whether or not He met some expectations or other, they worshipped Him.

That is an astounding fact to absorb.  What would we have thought of them if they had just gone on their way without comment?  “And they returned to the East with a few reflections upon the condition of the roads.”  “And they returned to the East in time for the annual games in the Babylon Hippodrome.”  “And they returned to the East wondering why they had made the trip.” “And they returned to the East kinda disappointed and underwhelmed at the impression Jesus made on them.”

That seems to be the way many observe Christmas. Consider that these wise men can travel for perhaps two-three months one way to worship the Christ child, and that some cannot travel 30 minutes to worship Him at least some time during the 12 day festival.

They worshipped Him.  That is in itself an astounding fact.  In the hierarchical society of the ancient world for someone of stature to humble himself before another was a huge thing.  But they did this because they believed that He is indeed their Lord.

So He is also our Lord.  He is the One who has the absolute right to command what we must do.  Now who here likes being told what to do? “Lordship” is not a big part of American culture. Our experience with people who think we should do what they say because of who they are – some elite or other – is decidedly negative.

Many frankly feel the same about God. People resent Him. The challenge Him in his commands about our personal life: Whose body is it anyway?  Marriage, family, virtues of chastity, humility, chivalry, respect, honesty, courage, faith and the like – are all so “old fashioned.”  But they are what our Lord asks of – ALL.

So again, they worshipped Him.  That is an astounding fact.  In the hierarchical society of the ancient world for someone of stature to humble himself before another was a huge thing.  But they did this because they believed that He is indeed their SAVIOR.  There is no other reason to account for their devotion other than the fact that this same LORD whom mankind has offended is also the SAVIOR of mankind.

That means He is also your redeemer, whoever you are.  He is the redeemer of everybody who lives in Medford or Grants Pass, or the Pacific Northwest, or on the North American Continent, or in the Amazon Basin, or on the tundra of Siberia, or the subcontinent of India.

THE CHRIST CHILD IS THE LORD AND SAVIOR OF ALL THE WORLD, and he is manifested as such here before the Magi and, through the Word of God, to the whole world.

 

AMEN.

 

By |2019-01-03T17:26:48+00:00January 3rd, 2019|Sermons, Uncategorized|0 Comments